Who is a firefighter?

A firefighter has to be vigilant and prepared to respond to scenes of fire and other emergencies at a moment’s notice. Individuals who are interested to pursue a career must be physically strong ,should not have a concern working in hazardous conditions and must successfully pass through firefighter’s exam.

How does it sound to have a career that will challenge you every day? The very thought of bringing out the brave part in you and yet have the pleasure of saving someone’s life, what better can it get to.

If you want a career in fire fighting, you are reached the right place. We will take you through

all the details on how to start a career in fire fighting, how to prepare for exams in firefighting, the best schools to get trained, the advantages and disadvantages of choosing this career.

Before we jump into the details of this career, you should get to know who is a firefighter. They are trained professional broadly educated, mainly to to put out fires that could threat to the civilian or public property. At the same time, they aim at rescuing people from such demanding and hazardous situations.

They work together as a team. They work in different areas and it can relate to buildings, suburban areas, industrial locations, forests, accident spots and residential locations. When not at work, they invests time in the maintenance of fire equipments, conducting and participating drills and keep themselves physically fit.

Who can become a firefighter?

The answer is very simple – anyone with a high school education can apply for a career in fire fighting. However employers prefer to have candidates who have achieved an associate or bachelors degree in fire science and fire protection engineering.

Entry level firefighter candidates must satisfy the following conditions:

ü  Must be 18 years old

ü  Must possess a high school education

ü  Must pass physical test as instructed by the fire academy, they plan to enroll into.

ü  Must not have concerns working in hazardous situations

ü  Must be vigilant and mentally strong to face challenges


What are the training programs I need to sign up for to become a fire fighter?

Many schools in the United States, Canada & United Kingdom offer fire science training programs at 2year and 4 year colleges apart from the associate and bachelor’s degree programs. So, are you all excited to know how to train yourselves to become a potential resource in this field?

There are different categories of degree courses, training programs and certificates an entry level candidate can acquire to pursue a career in this field. We would like to take you through some of them.

1.      Associate Degree Programs   Duration : 2 years

a.      Who can learn?

§ Entry level candidates

§ Experiences candidates working for fire department


b.      What do you learn?

§ Modern methods for firefighting

§ Management of fire services

§ Study  fire prevention and suppression

§ Safety concerns

§ Study of hazardous material


c.       How do I get benefited ?

§ Prepare individuals for entry level career

§ Helps in progression to a 4 year college degree program

§ Professional advancement opportunities


2.      Bachelors Degree Programs Duration : 4 years

a.      Who can learn?

§ Entry level candidates

§ Experienced candidates working for fire departments

§ Candidates aspiring to have leadership roles in fire fighter profession


b.      What do you learn?

§ Foundation of administration in fire service organizations

§ Fire prevention and protection

§ Policy integration

§ Legal issues

§ Management skills

§ Understand fire service equipments


c.       How do I get benefited?

§ Prepare candidates aspiring for leadership roles in this career

§ Prepare candidates to specialize in advanced study of fire fighting

§ Professional advancement opportunities



3.      Fire Academy Training programs Duration 12-18 weeks


This is a mandatory training program for all entry level candidates. The training is usually conducted by the fire academy of any organization.


a.      What do you learn ?

§ Instruction in fire prevention

§ Fire suppression techniques

§ Hazardous material controls

§ CPR – importance and how to perform

§ Simulation exercises and hands on training

§ Learn to handle fire fighting related equipments

They also need to act upon scenes of medical emergency regularly, fire academy employers are including EMT ( Emergency Medical Technician) Basic training  in the curriculum. Most of the candidates feel that having an associate or bachelor’s degree helps them to advance their career in this field.

After successfully completing the training program you have chosen, you must also pass through the firefighter’s exam offered by any organizations fire academy to get certified as a fire fighter.

1.      Distance learning options in fire fighting course

You can complete a full degree through a hybrid program and even explore individual classes to see what fire fighting is like. Some of the courses offered as distance learning programs are as follows :

§  Online fire Protection Courses

§  Online Fire Inspector Courses

§  Online Fire Fighter Degree Programs

Where can I sign up for a course in firefighting?

Having said this, when choosing a fire school or a training program, there are lot of questions you should think of –

·         Does the country I want to work recognize the program?

·         Does the program offered have valid accredition?

·         Will I be able to afford the training school I choose?

These are very important questions you must ask and plan for before signing up for this course. However we have a consolidated summary of universities offering different courses in fire fighting.

Top universities from the United States

Ø  University of Maryland

Ø  Illinois Institute of Technology

Ø  University of Kansas

Top universities from Canada

Ø  Lakeland College, Alberta

Ø  Justice Institute of British Columbia

Ø  Durham College, Ontario

Top universities from United Kingdom

Ø  University of Edinburgh

Ø  University of Leeds

Ø  Lund University

All of the universities mentioned above provide general and specialized professional firefighting courses as well as doctorate courses in firefighting.

How to prepare for fire fighters exam

There are different methods to prepare yourselves for the fire fighters exam. Some of the most convenient and popular methods are listed below :

1.      Free online practice fire fighting exams

2.      Study free online preparatory fire fighting guides

3.      Buy Norman Hall’s fire fighter exam preparation book

So does this sound easy for you? And you are all ready to read through to understand what are your best fire fighting career options you can pursue.

Career options and Job requirements

Is this the question in your mind – what are my options to start a career as a fire fighter? Now you might be wondering, what to do next after completing a course in fire science or fire engineering or a training program in fire fighting.  You can become any one of the following:

1.      Fire fighter

2.      Fire investigator

3.      Forest Fire Fighter

4.      First Responder

But you start off a career, you should successfully clear through the per-requisites of the company offering you the job and here is our comprehensive list of must haves.

ü  Must have a certificate of successful completion of training program or degree course

ü  Must pass fire fighter’s exams instructed by the applying organization

ü  Must pass tests for strength, physical stamina, coordination and agility

ü  Must clear medical examination which also includes drug screening

A career in fire fighting can earn you anywhere between $45,000 to $75,000 US dollars annually. How exciting does this sound?

The wait ends here. You have all information in your hand to kick start a career in firefighting and serve your community.

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